by Marcia Hill Gossard ’99, ‘04
As they entered a village in Tanzania, Cassie Eakins (’16 DVM) and members of the rabies team announced over a loudspeaker that there would be a rabies vaccine clinic coming to the town the next day. At another village, they tossed posters from their vehicle. Once the team started to drive away, the village children gathered them up to be posted. The next day a crowd was lined up to have their dogs vaccinated. People traveled many miles by bike or motorcycle, but most walked, says Eakins. Each owner received a rabies vaccination certificate.
“We sometimes vaccinated 300 dogs in a day,” says Eakins, a WSU veterinary student who spent five weeks in Tanzania as part of the Global Animal Health Certificate program. “They understand really well the danger of rabies.”
Rabies is the deadliest zoonotic disease on the planet. Each year more than 59,000 people die from rabies worldwide and about half of those deaths are children under the age of 16. Globally, more than 99 percent of human rabies deaths are caused by dog bites—almost all in Africa and Asia. The WSU Rabies Vaccination Team and its partners from the Serengeti Health Initiative visit 180 villages in seven districts adjacent to the Serengeti National Park. The result of these efforts is that the vaccination zone is now rabies free. Eakins says one of the reasons it is so effective is because the team members are from Tanzania, so they understand the culture and the people.
“Being fully exposed to the culture was helpful for me because it is a way to understand people that much better,” says Eakins. “And if you know the people better then you are able to make a difference.”
While Eakins was in Tanzania, she also had the opportunity to work with Allen School Clinical Assistant Professor, Felix Lankester, to design her own research project. She wondered if there was a correlation between the number of parasites a dog has, such as ticks, fleas, or lice, and the health of the dog. Eakins is still working on the results, but she says collecting data in the field is not something she would have been able to do had she not had this opportunity.
“You can learn about it in textbooks, but it is no replacement for hands-on experience,” says Eakins. “I want to use the resources I have to help other people.”
For more information about the WSU Rabies Vaccination Program visit go.vetmed.wsu.edu/Rabies.
Eakins received a Susan Bradish Travel Grant to help defray some of the cost of her trip. WSU alumna Susan Bradish (’97 DVM), who spent four weeks in India while she was earning her veterinary degree at WSU, started the travel grant to help students gain an understanding of the daily challenges people face in many parts of the world.
When people say “it takes a village,” they are saying that the power of many is greater than the power of one. Collectively, we can accomplish goals that are beyond our individual reach. Meeting the goal of eliminating rabies as a cause of animal and human suffering by 2030 will indeed take a village. But it also takes leadership. Drs. Tim Kraabel (’87 DVM) and Beth Fritzler (’91 DVM) and their medical staff at Lien Animal Clinic in West Seattle exemplify this leadership. Even though 90 percent of the human deaths from rabies occur in Africa and south Asia— halfway around the world from Seattle—the compassion of the clinic’s staff and clientele for both pets and people led them to act locally for change globally. Roughly 59,000 people die each year from rabies; about half are children. But with the knowledge that human rabies deaths can be eliminated through dog vaccinations, the Lien Animal Clinic donates a monetary portion of each rabies vaccination they give to dogs at their clinic to support village-wide dog vaccinations in Africa. Lien’s clients have also joined this effort with individual donations. Through their generous support, an additional 1,000 dogs will be vaccinated by March 2016. We are grateful for the leadership they have taken to help protect these pets and their families and for bringing us closer to our goal to end rabies worldwide.
Creighton Endowed Chair and
WSU Senior Director of Global Health
Thumbi Mwangi, clinical assistant professor, received a three-year, $608,000, Wellcome Trust Fellowship in Public Health and Tropical Medicine to support research on rabies
elimination in Kenya. His work will examine the demographic and ecological factors of rabies transmission, and develop and assess strategies for rabies control and elimination. Coinvestigators include M.K. Njenga and Guy Palmer from the Allen School and Sarah Cleaveland and Katie Hampson from the University of Glasgow.
Rowland Cobbold, associate professor of veterinary public health at the University of Queensland, Australia and adjunct faculty in the Allen School, was a visiting scholar at the Allen School in January and February 2016. His sabbatical strengthened collaboration between UQ and WSU for global animal and human health challenges. Current collaborative work focuses on antimicrobial selection in developing countries and how to develop prudent use approaches for reducing the threat of resistant infections.
DeeAnn Daite and Jose Guizar were recently awarded Boeing Cyber Grant Research Scholarships. Daite is an animal science undergraduate student working in the lab of Jennifer Zambriski on the epidemiology of Cryptosporidium, a parasite that that causes diarrhea. Guizar is a chemical engineering undergraduate student working in the lab of Douglas Call on antibiotic resistance.